Pushkov Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radio Wave Propagation
Russian Academy of Sciences
( founded in 1939 )
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Active Plasma EXperiments

 Project APEX (1991)

  1. Introduction
  2. Primary scientific objectives of the project
  3. Instrumentation
  4. Scientific equipment of APEX spacecraft 
  5. Scientific equipment of the subsatellite
  6. Results (Figs: 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18)

Russian Space Agency National Space Agency of Ukraine 
Russian Academy of Sciences National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Project APEX is an international project and is a part of national space research programs of RUSSIA and UKRAINE.

Participant countries: Russia, Ukraine, Czech Republic, Poland, Bulgaria, Germany, Rumania, Hungary, USA, France, India 
Russian participants:  Project coordinator - Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism, Ionosphere and Radiowave propagation, Russian Academy of Sciences, IZMIRAN; 
  • Space Research Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, IKI; 
  • Research Institute of Nuclear Physics,Moscow State University; 
  • Designing bureau FAKEL ; 
  • Flight Control Center; 
  • Military Space Forces of Russia.
 Ukrainian participants: 
  • Designing bureau YUZHNOE; 
  • Paton Electrical welding Institute, National Academy of  Sciences of Ukraine; 
  • Institute of Electrodynamics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine; 
  • Designing bureau of Institute of physics and mechanics, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine ; 
  • Kiev State University. 
Head of the Project APEX:  Victor N.Oraevsky, IZMIRAN Director
Academician of Russian Academy of Natural Sciences,Member of International Academy of Informatics,Member of International Academy of Astronautics, Professor,Doctor of Physics and Mathematics, Honored Scientist of Russia, Laureate of State Prizes of Russia and Ukraine
Main Designer:  Vladimir I.Dranovsky, Director of the Designing bureau JUZHNOE   Professor, Doctor of Engineering Sciences 

Project APEX was started on December 18, 1991, when two spacecrafts were placed into the Earth orbits - main satellite APEX and the subsatellite MAGION-3 .